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Разговор двух ученых под оливье - За хлеб и вольность!

Jan. 4th, 2017

01:52 pm - Разговор двух ученых под оливье

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Date:January 6th, 2017 02:15 am (UTC)
>Поощряет ли такое положение дел развитие технологий и науки

безусловно поощряет
In 1942, Robert K. Merton introduced "four sets of institutional imperatives taken to comprise the ethos of modern science... universalism, communism, disinterestedness, and organized skepticism."[1] The subsequent portion of his book, The Sociology of Science, elaborated on these principles at "the heart of the Mertonian paradigm—the powerful juxtaposition of the normative structure of science with its institutionally distinctive reward system"

The four Mertonian norms can be summarised as:

universalism: scientific validity is independent of the sociopolitical status/personal attributes of its participants; to honour this principle, the scientific project requires organisations to provide equality of opportunity[3]

“communism”: all scientists should have common ownership of scientific goods (intellectual property), to promote collective collaboration; secrecy is the opposite of this norm.[4]

disinterestedness: scientific institutions act for the benefit of a common scientific enterprise, rather than for the personal gain of individuals within them

organized scepticism: scientific claims should be exposed to critical scrutiny before being accepted: both in methodology and institutional codes of conduct.

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нигде у Мертона про $1 за распространение не говорится, напротив, его принципы (сумма научной этики)
противоположны произвольным запретам на распространение знаний, на которых настаивают мракобесы
от гебе, церкви и копирастии (разницы тут никакой нет, мракобесие их основная характеристика)
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