Cassation The supreme courts (Cour de Cassation and Conseil d'État) act as cassation jurisdictions, which means that they have supreme jurisdiction in quashing the judgments of inferior courts if those courts misapplied law. Generally, cassation is based not on outright violations of law, but on diverging interpretations of law between the courts. Cassation is not based on the facts of the case. Cassation is always open as a final recourse.
The urgent applications judge of the Council of State comes to the conclusion that Article 4.3 of the mayor’s order had seriously infringed, in a manner that was clearly illegal, fundamental liberties such as the freedom to come and go, religious freedom and individual freedom. Considering also the urgent nature of the case, the urgent applications judge of the Council of State declares null and void the decision of the judge of the Administrative Tribunal of Nice, and orders this provision to be suspended.